و اما وقتی میخاهیم بگوییم که کاری را لحظاتی  قبل شروع کردیم و لحضاتی   بعد هم  تمام خواهیم کرد

I was watching TV.             I am watching TV.            I will be watching TV.

We use it to say that someone was in the middle of doing something at a certain time .it started at a time before the time of speaking and it finished after the time of speaking

This time last year, I was living in Brazil

What were you doing at last night?

 

Is used to talk about an action that happens at the moment of speaking) now _ or around the moment of speaking

Please don’t make so much noise. I am studying.

Where is your father? He is taking a bath

Let’s go out now. It isn’t raining .

 

We use it to say that we will be in the middle of doing something at a certain time in the future.

The soccer match starts at 7:00 and ends at 9:00.  Peter will be watching the match at 8:00.

You will recognize her when you see her, she’ll be wearing a red hood.

This time next week, I will probably be lying on a sandy beach in Hawaii

Past continues does not tell us whether an action was finished or not .perhaps it was finished perhaps not , but simple past assures us that the action was finished. Compare the two below sentences

Dan was cooking dinner.

Dan cooked dinner

 

We use it to talk about something that is happening around the time of speaking but not necessarily exactly at the time of speaking (We use it when we mean we are in the middle of doing something at the time of speaking)

Alex and Matt are talking and having coffee in the café. Alex is working on a heavy project .

Maria is studying English at a language school.

Arnold is building a big tower in the city center

We can also use it to talk about the things that are already planned  or decided.

I will be going downtown tonight. Want to join me?

 

We also use simple past and past continues together to say that something happened in the middle of another action:

Peter burned himself while he was cooking dinner.

I saw Eddie in park. He was sitting on the grass and reading a book.

It was raining when I got up.

While I was working in the garden, I hurt my back.

We use it to talk about a period around the present meaning future: today    ,    this week , this season , this month

Lionel is not playing well this season.

He isn’t working this month. He wants to concentrate on his studies

 

We can use it to ask about people’s plans especially when we want something or want someone to do something

Will you be using your bike this evening?

Will you be passing the post office when you go out?

 

But notice that when an action happened and finished and then another action happened we use simple past for both.

Last night, I was taking a shower, when the phone rang .I got out of the bathtub and answered the phone .

Compare:

When Helen arrived, we were having lunch.

When Helen arrived, we had lunch.

 

We use it to talk about changing situations

Fortunately, the population of HIV patients is decreasing in this hospital.

Is your mother’s health getting better?

 

Present continues with future meaning: when we talk about and action that we have already arranged to do , we should use present continuous meaning future

What are you doing tomorrow?

Are you meeting her at the station?

 

و براحتی درخت را میسازیم .

 

 

ing

look

dance

watch

kill

sleep

eat

smoke

amI
 

are

 

You
We
They
 

is

He
She
It

و برای سوال پرسیدن هم به همین راحتی جای اونها رو عوض میکنیم .

 

 

 

 

 

 

?

 

 

ing

look

dance

watch

kill

sleep

eat

smoke

IAm
You 

Are

 

We
They
He 

Is

She
It

برای ساعت بعد

  1. عکس تمام اون افراد رو در حال انجام کاری گرفته و به کلاس بیارین و دقیق بگین که در حال

انجام چه کاری هستند

انجام چه کاری بودند

انجام چه کاری خواهند بود

 

 

 

 

4 دیدگاه دربارهٔ «زمان های استمراری»

  1. من دارم میرقصم . من داشتم میرقصیدم . من در حال رقصیدن خواهم بود . i am dancing . i was dancing . i will be dancing
    در حال ساختن یک عروشک هستم . i am making a dull
    در حال ساختن یک عروشک بودم i was making a dull
    در حال ساختن یک عروسک خواهو بود i will be make a dull

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