Academic Writing about Research

Research is an essential part of any good academic paper. Without it, claims and opinions are not viable and hardly believable. Plus, without research, it is difficult to know much about your chosen subject.

By providing evidence of research, readers can trust what you write is concrete, accurate to the best of your knowledge, and reliable. Here is a sample of research writing in action, with citations given. It is a paragraph from a research essay:

Sample Research Paper Paragraph

Video games encourage children to associate happiness and pleasure with the capability to cause pain to others. They develop the feeling that in order to be happy, one has to make other people suffer.

Children who play video games tend to develop selfish behavior (Anderson & Bushman, 2001). Video games teach the player to be dependent and since the child is often left alone while playing on a game console, he or she can develop selfish behaviors.

A certain study that was done at a Minneapolis-based national institute for media indicated that kids can get addicted to video games and exhibit social phobias. The interactive quality of virtual games is quite different from passively viewing movies or television.

The games allow players to be active participants in the script. The players who are able to benefit from acts of violence are then able to proceed to the next level (Sherry, 2001).

Phrases and Words

  • a few studies…
  • other studies…
  • a certain study, … indicated that…
  • little attention has been devoted to the impact…
  • given the lack of critical attention paid to…
  • there is a divergence between …… and what they actually do. This divergence
  • occurs because…
  • several schools of thought have emerged…
  • as shown previously…
  • prior research has suggested…
  • another factor…
  • the underlying concept…
  • the likelihood that…
  • research indicates…
  • what is demonstrated…
  • against this backdrop…
  • the central issue addressed here is the relationship between…
  • the topic of …… warrants research attention for …… reasons.
  • to answer these questions…
  • the present study attempts to crystallize …… factors which influence …… by….
  • analyzing the relationship between …… and…
  • in examining…
  • in order to better understanding…
  • a deeper understanding of the process of…
  • we illustrate this procedure by…
  • we illustrate this procedure by using…
  • our contention is that…
  • this research builds on existing knowledge in the fields of…
  • insights drawn from scholarly literature are supplemented with those from…
  • it accentuates the realization that…
  • the issue is whether or not…
  • there is evidence that …… has a positive affect.
  • these arguments suggest…
  • given this orientation…
  • the same logic underlies…
  • in this context, it is worthwhile to consider…
  • in this respect, …
  • in contrast, …
  • a major trait…
  • typically, …
  • traditionally, …
  • this leads to…
  • generally, …
  • as noted earlier…
  • whereas…
  • briefly…
  • also, …
  • still, …
  • yet…
  • accordingly…
  • initially, it may seem…
  • surprisingly, …
  • next,…
  • in contrast…
  • nevertheless…
  • as a result…
  • hence…
  • accordingly…
  • respectively…
  • as a consequence…
  • consequently…
  • thus, …
  • therefore, …
  • for this reason…
  • because of this…

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