آموزش اولین قسمت امتحان تافل

عبارت است از 3 عدد متن ( شاید به جای 3 تا متن  از 5 تا متن استفاده بشه . شایدم از 4 تا. شما زیاد خودتون رو درگیر اون موارد نکنین) که در صفحه کامپیوتر شما نشان داده میشن و معمولا متون طولانی استفاده میشوند که بین 600 تا 700 کلمه دارند و معمولا  متن اول 20 دقیقه و متن دوم 20 دقیقه و متن سوم  20 دقیقه فرصت مطالعه و پاسخگویی خواهند داشت  .

بدونین که مطمعنا متنی خواهید دید که شاید در ابتدا از دیدن آن متن وحشت کنید ولی خیالتون آسوده باشه چون تمام متون تافل دارای سیستمی برای پاسخگویی هستند که حتی سخت ترین متون رو هم میتونین براحتی و بدرستی جواب بدین . فقط وحشت نکین . همه افرادی که سر امتحان هستند مانند شما بایستی سوالات رو حل کنند و مطمعن باشین کمتر از شما کار کردن و شما از همه اونا بهتر هستین. اما چه کار باید کرد که از وحشت امتحان کاسته بشه و مهلت بیشتری رو در امتحان داشته باشیم :

1.سوالات را بشناسید : قبل از امتحان به نحوه سوالات و نمونه سوالات تسلط کامل داشته باشید تا سر جلسه وقتتان را بیهوده صرف درک کردن دستور العمل های امتحان نکنید . لپ کلام اینکه وقتی که شکل سوال رو دیدین بدونین که سوال از شما چه چیزی میخواد

2.دستورالعمل ها را اسکیپ کنید : با این کار میتوانید تمرکز بیشتری رو روی سوالات داشته باشید . بنابراین همین که دستور العمل ها ظاهر شدند آنها را حذف کنید و برین مرحله بعدی

3.لب هایتان را ببرید : ما ایرانی ها عادت داریم که متون را با لبهایمان لب خوانی کنیم . لطفا به هیچ وجه لب خوانی نکن . انگار که لب هایتان از اول امتحان تا آخر آن ببرین . حتی تو قسمت SPEAKING  هم لطفا دوباره لبهاتون رو برین و بزارین بمونه خونه . شما برای امتحان بهشون نیاز ندارین  . مطمعن باشین این تکنیک  برای ذخیره کردن وقت امتحان معجزه خواهد کرد

4. درخت رو دربیارین :  قبل از پاسخگویی فقط یک دقیقه وقت بزارین که بتونین خلاصه  شاخه های درخت متن رو استخراج کرده وبرای خودتون نوت بردارین

5.سایر درخت رو حدس بزنین : همین طور که دارین درخت رو درمیارین –  تلاش کنین تا تمام درخت رو حدس بزنین . این کار به شما برای درک کل متن کمک خواهد کرد . نیازی نیس که کل متن را درک کنید یعنی اصلا نیازی نیس متن رو درک کنین . بیشتر سوالات رو خواهید تونست بدون درک کردن متن جواب بدین چطور که تو مثال زیر میبینین

6.وقت اضافی روی سوالات خیلی سخت نزارین : و فقط اونها رو حدس بزنین . در آخر اگه مهلت اضافی داشته باشین میتونین دوباره برگردین و اونا رو جواب بدین

7.متن را نخوانید : به هیچ وجه کل متن را نخوانید . این مضر ترین کار برای امتحان شما خواهد بود . داغونتون میکنه اگه بخوایین بخونین . یعنی اگه خوندین دیگه تمام شدین

8.نمایشگر زمان بالای صفحه : حواستان به نمایشگر زمان باشه و وقت خودتون رو دقیق تنظیم کنین .

9.حدس بزنین : اگه دیدین که وقت داره تموم میشه و هنوز جواب ندادین . فقط حدس بزنین و برین قسمت بعد

خوب – حالا که دونستین چه کارهایی رو باید انجام بدین و چه کارهایی رو نباید انجام بدین – اولین قسمت رو استارت میزنیم

 

تو اولین قسمت

و

قبل از متن اول

دستورالعمل ها و توضیحات و نحوه پاسخگویی به سوالات رو  روی صفحه کامپیوتر خواهید دید

READING SECTION DIRECTIONS

The reading section measures your ability to read and understand passages in English . you will read three passages and answer questions about them .

For most questions , you will choose the one best answer of four possible answers. These questions are worth one point each . the last question in each set is worth more than one point . the directions for this questions indicate how many points you can receive.

Some passages have one or more words in bold type . for these words , you will see a definition or explanation in a glossary at the end of the passage.

Answer all questions about a passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage.

You have 60 minutes to read the passages and answer all of the questions . allow approximately 20 minutes to work on each passage .

قسمت متن توانایی شما را برای درک مطالب نوشتاری در زبان اینگلیسی شنجش میکند . شما 3 عدد متن را خوانده و سوالات مربوط به آنها را پاسخ خواهید داد

برای اکثر سوال ها یک گزینه از بین 4 گزینه انتخاب خواهید کرد  که این سوالها 1 نمره دارند ولی آخرین سوال هر قسمت دارای ارزش متفاوتی هست که توضیحات قبل از آن میزان ارزش و نمره سوال را برایتان آشکار خواهد کرد .

بعضی از متون دارای برخی کلمات هستند که بصورت بلد نوشته شده اند . معمولا معانی این کلمات در  آخر متون برایتان توضیح داده میشود

به تمام سوالات متن بر اساس آنچه که در متن گقته میشود جواب دهید و نه آنچه که خودتان برداشت میکنید

دقیقا 60 دقیقه برای 3 متن در اختیار دارید . برای هر متن 20 دقیقه فرصت مطالعه اختصاص دهید

 

حالا که دستورالعمل ها رو تموم کردین

متن اول براتون ظاهر میشه( اینجا یه نمونه متن از یکی از منابع واستون انتخاب کردم )

The underground railroad

1.Slavery was legal for over 200 years in some parts of north America , particularly the southern states of the united states , where the plantation system of agriculture depended on the labor of slaves , most of whom came from Africa . slaves had no rights or freedom because the y were thought of as poverty . from the time of its origin , slavery had opponents .the abolitionist movement began in the 1600s when the Quakers in Pennsylvania objected to slavery on moral grounds and wanted to abolish the institution .

2.In 1793 , Canada passed a law abolishing slavery and declared that any escaped slaves who came to Canada would be free citizens . slavery was already illegal in most northern states ; however , slaves captured there by hunters could be returned to slavery in the south . Canada refused to return runaway slaves or to allow American slave hunters into the country . it is estimated that more than 30.000 runaway slaves immigrated to Canada and settled in the Great Lakes region between 1830 and 1865.

3.The American antislavery movement was at height of its activity during the 1800s, when abolitionists developed the underground railroad , a loosely organized system whereby runaway slaves were passed from safe house to safe house as they fled northwards to free states or Canada . the term was first used in the 1830s and came from an Ohio clergyman who said , “ they who took passage on it disappeared from public view as if they had really gone to ground .” because the Underground Railroad was so secret , few records exist that would reveal the true number of people who traveled it to freedom . the most active routes on the railroad were in Ohio , Indianna , and western Pennsylvania .

4.Runway slaves usually traveled alone or in small groups . most were young men between the ages of 16 and 35.    The fugitives hid in wagons under loads of hay or potatoes or in furniture and boxes in streamers and on rafts     they traveled on foot through swamps  and woods , moving only a few miles each night , using the north star as a compass . sometimes the moved in broad daylight . boys disguised themselves as girls , and girls dressed as boys . in one well-0known incident , twenty-eight slaves escaped by walking in a funeral procession from Kentucky to Ohio .

5.The “railroad “ developed in its own language . the “ trains “ were the large farm wagons that could conceal and carry a number of people . the “ tracks “ were the back country roads that were used to elude the slave hunters . the “ stations “ were the homes and hiding places were the slaves were fed and cared for as they moved north . the “ agents “ were the people who planned the escape routes . the “ conductors “ were the fearless men and women who led the slaves toward freedom . the “ passengers “ were the slaves who are to runaway and break for liberty . passengers paid no fare and conductors received no pay .

6.The most daring conductor was Harrier Tubman , a farmer slave who dedicated her life to helping other runaways . Tubman made 19 trips into the south to guide 300 relatives , friends , and strangers to freedom . she was wanted dead or alive in the south , but she was never captures and never lost a passenger . a determined worker , she carried a gun for protection and a supply of drugs to quiet the crying babies in her rescue parties .

7.A number of white people joined the effort . including Indiana Banker Levi Coffin and his wife Catherine , who hid runaways in their home , a “ station “ conveniently located on three main escape routes to Canada . people could be hidden there for several weeks , recovering their strength and waiting until it was safe to continue on their journey . Levi Coffin was called the “president of the Underground Railroad “ because he helped as many as 3.000 slaves to escape .

8.The people who worked on the railroad were breaking the law . although the escape network was never as successful or as well organized as Southerners thought , the few thousand slaves who made their way to freedom in this way each year had a symbolic significance out of proportion to their actual number .the Underground Railroad continued operating until slavery in the united states was finally abolished in 1865.

( البته ما تو کل مراحل این سایت – فاصله پاراگراف ها رو طولانی تر کردیم تا شما چشمونتون به به دامنه بیشتری عادت کنه)

اون لحظه ای که این متن جلو چشمون شما ظاهر شد , سعی نکنین که متن رو بخونین .

فقط 1 دقیقه وقت بزارین تا لغات اصلی درخت رو در بیارین .

برای مثال تو متن زیر براتون نشون دادم که چطور باید لغات اصلی متن رو در بیارین . این روش برای تمام امتحانات بایستی و بایستی  اجرا بشه . البته اگه دنبال نمره بالا میگردین

با این کار در واقع شما چن تا مورد رو با هم انجام میدین

1.کل درختتون رو تونستین حدس بزنین و موضوع کلی رو گرفتین

2.برای خودتون محدوده های متن رو مشخص کردین و میتونین براحتی برای اکثر سوالها دنبال رفرنس نگردین . فقط به اون محدوده ای که خودتون مشخص کردین برین و جواب حتما تو اون محدوده هست .البته خوشبختانه تو امتحان تافل دققیا قسمت مورد نظر که جواب داخلش هستوبهتون نشون میدن

الان برای بار دوم متن رو با هم بررسی میکنیم که ببینیم آیا تو این 1 دقیقه چه چیز هایی رو به دست خواهیم آورد. من اون جاهایی رو که شما باید تو اولین نگاه ببینین رو واستون نشون دادم .

 

The underground railroad

Slavery was legal for over 200 years in some parts of north America , particularly the southern states of the united states , where the plantation system of agriculture depended on the labor of slaves , most of whom came from Africa . slaves had no rights or freedom because the y were thought of as poverty . from the time of its origin , slavery had opponents .the abolitionist movement began in the 1600s when the Quakers in Pennsylvania objected to slavery on moral grounds and wanted to abolish the institution .

In 1793 , Canada passed a law abolishing slavery and declared that any escaped slaves who came to Canada would be free citizens . slavery was already illegal in most northern states ; however , slaves captured there by hunters could be returned to slavery in the south . Canada refused to return runaway slaves or to allow American slave hunters into the country . it is estimated that more than 30.000 runaway slaves immigrated to Canada and settled in the Great Lakes region between 1830 and 1865.

The American antislavery movement was at height of its activity during the 1800s, when abolitionists developed the underground railroad , a loosely organized system whereby runaway slaves were passed from safe house to safe house as they fled northwards to free states or Canada . the term was first used in the 1830s and came from an Ohio clergyman who said , “ they who took passage on it disappeared from public view as if they had really gone to ground .” because the Underground Railroad was so secret , few records exist that would reveal the true number of people who traveled it to freedom . the most active routes on the railroad were in Ohio , Indianna , and western Pennsylvania .

Runway slaves usually traveled alone or in small groups . most were young men between the ages of 16 and 35.    The fugitives hid in wagons under loads of hay or potatoes or in furniture and boxes in streamers and on rafts     they traveled on foot through swamps  and woods , moving only a few miles each night , using the north star as a compass . sometimes the moved in broad daylight . boys disguised themselves as girls , and girls dressed as boys . in one well-0known incident , twenty-eight slaves escaped by walking in a funeral procession from Kentucky to Ohio .

.

The “railroad “ developed in its own language . the “ trains “ were the large farm wagons that could conceal and carry a number of people . the “ tracks “ were the back country roads that were used to elude the slave hunters . the “ stations “ were the homes and hiding places were the slaves were fed and cared for as they moved north . the “ agents “ were the people who planned the escape routes . the “ conductors “ were the fearless men and women who led the slaves toward freedom . the “ passengers “ were the slaves who are to runaway and break for liberty . passengers paid no fare and conductors received no pay .

The most daring conductor was Harrier Tubman , a farmer slave who dedicated her life to helping other runaways . Tubman made 19 trips into the south to guide 300 relatives , friends , and strangers to freedom . she was wanted dead or alive in the south , but she was never captures and never lost a passenger . a determined worker , she carried a gun for protection and a supply of drugs to quiet the crying babies in her rescue parties .

A number of white people joined the effort . including Indiana Banker Levi Coffin and his wife Catherine , who hid runaways in their home , a “ station “ conveniently located on three main escape routes to Canada . people could be hidden there for several weeks , recovering their strength and waiting until it was safe to continue on their journey . Levi Coffin was called the “president of the Underground Railroad “ because he helped as many as 3.000 slaves to escape .

The people who worked on the railroad were breaking the law . although the escape network was never as successful or as well organized as Southerners thought , the few thousand slaves who made their way to freedom in this way each year had a symbolic significance out of proportion to their actual number .the Underground Railroad continued operating until slavery in the united states was finally abolished in 1865.

یادتونه اون تمرینات درخت ها رو که انجام میدادیم و اوایل چقد سخت بود واسمون . الان همه اونا به دردمون میخوره .

یادتونه اون لینکر ها و اون عبارات رو از تو متن ها و عکس ها چطور درمیاوردیم .

حالا که اونها رو تموم کردین, میبینین واقعا چقد راحت میتونیم کارهامون رو انجام بدیم و چقد راحت با سوالات تافل کنار بیاییم

خوب حالاکه یک دقیقه ما تموم شد میتونیم تقریبا تمام متن رو تا جایی حدس بزنیم و شاید حتی بتونیم تمام سوالات رو جواب بدیم.

در این مرحله که گزینه ادامه رو روی کامپیوتر زدیم  . متن ناپدید شده و وارد قسمت سوالات میشویم . در این قسمت هم سوال و هم قسمت مربوط به سوال در متن برایتان نشان داده میشود که این بهترین کاری هست که برگزار کنندگان تافل انجام داده اند . یعنی نیازی نیست که شما دنبال جواب بگردین . در واقع خود امتحان گیرندگان جواب رو به شما نشان میدهند . (دیگه واقعا امتحانی آسونتر از این هم مگه میتونه باشه)

 

سوالها رو قدم به قدم و با تکنیک درخت حل میکنیم :

 

سوال 1 : معمولا سوالی هست که در رابطه با معنی لغات میپرسدو از واژه های  is closest in meaning to استفاده  میکنن . پس حواستون باشه که دیگه سر امتحان روی صورت سوال سوال رو نخونین و فقط دنبال شاخه اصلی سوال بگردین و برین گزینه ها رو بخونین . با این کار زمان خوبی رو میتوین صرفه جویی کنین . درسته که تو یک سوال این زمان زیاد به چشم نمیاد و لی فرض کنین که اگه شما تو یک دوره کامل تافل هر سوال 10 ثانیه صرفه جویی کنین کلی توی امتحان جلو تر خواهین بود   :

1. The word “ abolish “ in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to

Defend

End

Legalize

Expand

متن مورد نظر در پاراگراف به شکل زیر هست

 

Slavery was legal for over 200 years in some parts of north America , particularly the southern states of the united states , where the plantation system of agriculture depended on the labor of slaves , most of whom came from Africa . slaves had no rights or freedom because the y were thought of as poverty . From the time of its origin , slavery had opponents .The abolitionist movement began in the 1600s when the Quakers in Pennsylvania objected to slavery on moral grounds and wanted to abolish the institution .

 

جمله هایلایت شده را اگه بتونین تجزیه کنین براحتی میتونین جواب صحیح رو پیدا کنین . و اما چطور تجزیه کنیم .

 

From the time of its origin , slavery had opponents .The abolitionist movement began in the 1600s when the Quakers in Pennsylvania objected to slavery on moral grounds and wanted to abolish the institution .

درخت رو میکشیم

یعنی افراد ضد به مخالفت برخواستند و خواستند که موسسه را      ابالیش        کنند .

نتیجه اینکه افرادی که به جنگ برمیخیزند معمولا میخوان که اون حکومت رو و یا اون مکان رو چه کار کنند  ؟

دیدین که به چه راحتی به این سوال جواب دادین

 

2.why did thousands of runaway slaves immigrate to Canada ?

A : they preferred the climate of the Grate Lakes region

B : working conditions for slaves were better in Canada

C:Canada had no laws restricting immigration

D: former slaves could live as free citizens in Canada

واقعا اگه اون نصف درخت اولیه رو کشیده باشین , میتونین به راحتی درک کنین که چقدر آسون میتونین به سوال بالا جواب بدین . یعنی کلا نیازی نیس که حتی برین و از نو دوباره متن رو بخونین

3.the phrase ” the term ” in paragraph three refers to

A: antislavery movement

B:abolitionist

C; Underground Railroad

D:free state

خوب , پاراگراف مورد نظر به شکل زیره

The American antislavery movement was at height of its activity during the 1800s, when abolitionists developed the underground railroad , a loosely organized system whereby runaway slaves were passed from safe house to safe house as they fled northwards to free states or Canada . The term was first used in the 1830s and came from an Ohio clergyman who said , “ they who took passage on it disappeared from public view as if they had really gone to ground .” because the Underground Railroad was so secret , few records exist that would reveal the true number of people who traveled it to freedom . the most active routes on the railroad were in Ohio , Indianna , and western Pennsylvania .

اگه دقت کنین , جمله مجهول هست و ساقه اصلی جمله قبل از اون underground railroad هست که روش مانور داده یعنی مفعول جمله قبل هست .

 

 

4.which sentence below best expresses the essential information in the underlined sentence in paragraph 3 ? incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information .

 

A: the underground railroad kept secret records in in which all of the passengers and trips were documented

B : few people understood why the Underground Railroad would not reveal how many people chose to travel in  this way

C : the Underground Railroad’s records were not accurate , so he true number of travelers is difficult to estimate

D: we do not know exactly how many slaves escaped on the Underground Railroad because it was a secret organization

خوب اگه به پاراگراف مورد نظر دقت کنیم :

The American antislavery movement was at height of its activity during the 1800s, when abolitionists developed the underground railroad , a loosely organized system whereby runaway slaves were passed from safe house to safe house as they fled northwards to free states or Canada . the term was first used in the 1830s and came from an Ohio clergyman who said , “ they who took passage on it disappeared from public view as if they had really gone to ground .” because the Underground Railroad was so secret , few records exist that would reveal the true number of people who traveled it to freedom . the most active routes on the railroad were in Ohio , Indianna , and western Pennsylvania .

و اگه درخت قسمت مربوطه رو با درخت های گزینه اها مقایسه کنیم براحتی گزینه ای که شبیه به درخت ما هست رو میتونین پیدا کنین

 

5.the word ” fugitive ” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to

A : leaders

B ; old men

C ; runaways

D ; brave ones

خوب اگه به پاراگراف مورد نظر دقت کنیم :

Runway slaves usually traveled alone or in small groups . most were young men between the ages of 16 and 35.    The fugitives hid in wagons under loads of hay or potatoes or in furniture and boxes in streamers and on rafts     they traveled on foot through swamps  and woods , moving only a few miles each night , using the north star as a compass . sometimes the moved in broad daylight . boys disguised themselves as girls , and girls dressed as boys . in one well-0known incident , twenty-eight slaves escaped by walking in a funeral procession from Kentucky to Ohio .

اگه شاخه بندی کنیم . دریافت میکنیم که

ازونجایی که واگن به travel  مربوط میشه بنابراین  fugitive  هم به  runaways  مربوط میشه

6.all of the following are mentioned as methods of escape on the Underground Railroad EXCEPT

A : hiding in a hay wagon

B : wearing a disguise

C : riding in a railcar

D :walking in a procession

برای این مدل سوال ها باید اولین کاری رو که بکنین , درخت های گزینه ها رو دربیارین سپس دنبال ساقه های اصلی درخت های گزینه ها تو متن بگردین و درخت اطراف اون رو دربیارین و در نهایت گزینه صحیح رو استخراج کنین

درآوردن درخت گزینه ها

2.پیدا کردن ساقه اصلی گزینه ها تو متن

3.بررسی درخت گزینه ها تو متن

4.پیدا کردن جواب صحیح

تو این مثال درخت گزینه ها به شرح ذیل خواهند بود :

1.hide ..wagon

2.wear…disguise

3.ride…railroad

4.walk…procession

اگه تو لغات مشکل داشته باشین بایستی برین و تک تک درخت هارو تو متن استخراج کنین . خوب حالا بریم تو متن و دنبال این لغات بگردیم . اگه یادتون باه تو اون 40 ساعت اول که تمرین میکردین قرار بود که دنبال لینکر ها و ست فریز ها بگردین . حالا میتونین راحت تر درک کنین که نتیجه اون تمرین ها این میتونه باشه که شما براحتی جواب رو استخراج کنین

Runway slaves usually traveled alone or in small groups . most were young men between the ages of 16 and 35.    The fugitives hid in wagons under loads of hay or potatoes or in furniture and boxes in streamers and on rafts     they traveled on foot through swamps  and woods , moving only a few miles each night , using the north star as a compass . sometimes the moved in broad daylight . boys disguised themselves as girls , and girls dressed as boys . in one well-known incident , twenty-eight slaves escaped by walking in a funeral procession from Kentucky to Ohio

تو این قسمت متن میبینین که به چه راحتی میتونین گزینه صحیح رو پیدا کنین .

ولی اگه از قبل لغت  procession  رو بلد بوده باشین میدونین به معنی ” راه رفتن گروهی به صورت صفوف منظم میشه ” این ایده با ایده کل متن ما مخالف هست .

7.the author discusses the language of the Underground Rail road in paragraph 5 in order to

A: trace the history of American English words

B ; illustrate the secret nature of the escape network

C : point out that some words have more than one meaning

D ; compare the Underground Railroad to other railways

تو این مدل سوال ها    طراح دنبال بررسی و چک کردن بهره هوشی شما بهمراه درکتون از انگلیسی هست . اگه دقت کنین تو پاراگراف توضیح داده که با استفاده از لغات خاص معانی خاصی رو بیان میکردن . ساقه اصلی درختمون کاملا همه چی رو بهتون توضیح میده

The “railroad “ developed in its own language . the “ trains “ were the large farm wagons that could conceal and carry a number of people . the “ tracks “ were the backcountry roads that were used to elude the slave hunters . the “ stations “ were the homes and hiding places were the slaves were fed and cared for as they moved north . the “ agents “ were the people who planned the escape routes . the “ conductors “ were the fearless men and women who led the slaves toward freedom . the “ passengers “ were the slaves who are to runaway and break for liberty . passengers paid no fare and conductors received no pay

8.the word ” elude ” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to

A : avoid

B : follow

C : find

D : assist

قسمت مورد نظر تو متن همین قسمت هست

The “railroad “ developed in its own language . the “ trains “ were the large farm wagons that could conceal and carry a number of people . the “ tracks “ were the backcountry roads that were used to elude the slave hunters . the “ stations “ were the homes and hiding places were the slaves were fed and cared for as they moved north . the “ agents “ were the people who planned the escape routes . the “ conductors “ were the fearless men and women who led the slaves toward freedom . the “ passengers “ were the slaves who are to runaway and break for liberty . passengers paid no fare and conductors received no pay

حالا درختش رو درمیاریم و تجزیه تحلیل میکنیم و جواب رو میدیم

یعنی اون ترک ها جاده هایی بودن که شکارچیان برده رو  elude  میکردن . خوب این جاده ها بایستی که به برده ها کمک کنن که بتونن به آزادی برسن ولی تو این ماجرا , جندین نفر هم شکارچی دارن دنبال این برده ها میگردن . خوب پس این جاده های کناری در واقع به برده ها کمک میکردن از دست این شکارچیان …………..بشن . واقعا چقد راحته که بخوایین سوال های تافل رو حل کنین . آدم لذت میبره

 

9.which of the following statements is true about passengers on the Underground Railroad ?

A: their destination was in northern states or Canada

B : they were not allowed to make stops during the journey

C : their babies were disguised to look like baggage’s

D : they paid the conductors at the end of the journey

بازهم که خودتون بهتر میدونین باید چی کار کنین .

درخت گزینه هارو سریع استخراج کنین و برین توی متن جوب رو در بیارین .

Passengers on the underground railroad

1.destination …..Canada/ northern states

2.not allowed …..stop

3.babies …disguised as bags

4.paid…..conductors in the end

نکته جالبی که هست اینه که اگه از روش درخت استفاده کنین , درسته که شاید تو ابتدا درختتون کامل به نظر نیاد ولی همینطور که دارین سوال ها رو میخونین میتونین اون درخت اولیه رو گسترش بدین و به راحتی سایر سوال ها و آینده درخت رو درک کنین . برای مثال اگه از این روش تا الان جواب ها رو داده باشین الان فک نکنم نیازی باشه برین واسه متن چون فک نکنم جواب صحیح رو دادن برای این سوال کار سختی باشه

10.why was Harriet Tubman wanted dead or alive in the south ?

A : she was a criminal who carried  a gun and sold drugs

B : she refused to return the runaway slaves that she captured

C : she was an escaped slave who led others to freedom

D : she became the president of the Underground Railroad

چقد سوال راحتی هست . فقط کافیه درخت این تیوب من رو دربیازین تا بدونین کیه این فرد

The most daring conductor was Harrier Tubeman , a farmer slave who dedicated her life to helping other runaways . tubeman made 19 trips into the south to guide 300 relatives , friends , and strangers to freedom . she was wanted dead or alive in the south , but she was never captures and never lost a passenger . a determined worker , she carried a gun for protection and a supply of drugs to quiet the crying babies in her rescue parties

واقعا نمیدونم چرا بعضی از بچه های تافل انقد تافل رو سخت میگیرن . واقعا امتحانی آسونتر و استاندارد تر از این مگه ممکنه موجود باشه آخه .

11.it can be inferred from paragraph 8 that author most likely believes which of the following about the Underground Railroad ?

A: the people who worked on the railroad should have been arrested

B : the railroad was unsuccessful because it could not help every slave

C : southerners did not know about the railroad until after it closed

D : the railroad represented a psychological victory for abolitionists

اگه درخت پاراگراف 8 رو دربیارین خودتون راحت جوابشو میگین

The people who worked on the railroad were breaking the law . although the escape network was never as successful or as well organized as Southerners thought , the few thousand slaves who made their way to freedom in this way each year had a symbolic significance out of proportion to their actual number .the Underground Railroad continued operating until slavery in the united states was finally abolished in 1865.

12.look at the four squares which indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage . where would the sentence best fit ?

Women and children also escaped , but they were more easily captured .

Runway slaves usually traveled alone or in small groups . most were young men between the ages of 16 and 35.♦The fugitives hid in wagons under loads of hay or potatoes or in furniture and boxes in streamers and on rafts ♦ they traveled on foot through swamps  and woods , moving only a few miles each night , using the north star as a compass . sometimes the moved in broad daylight .♦ boys disguised themselves as girls , and girls dressed as boys . in one well-known incident , twenty-eight slaves escaped by walking in a funeral procession from Kentucky to Ohio .♦

توی  اینجور سوال ها اول درخت جمله مورد نظر رو درمیاریم و بعد درخت جملات قبل و بعد مربع عا رو به ترتیب درمیاریم . که بایستی ارتباط منطقی بین این درخت حمله مورد نظر با درخت جملات قبل و بعد از اون وجود داشته باشه

Women and children also escaped , but they were more easily captured .

اما درخت جمله مورد نظرمون میشه :

Women/children

also

Escaped

But

Easily captured

اگه دقت کنین جملات قبل و بعد این جمله بایستی از لحاظ درخت محتوی شبیه به همین درخت باشت یا شاخه هاشون تو یه جاهایی به همین درخت بتونه متصل بشه اگه جمله قبل مربع اول رو بخونین ……

13-14. an introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below .

complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage . some sentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage . this question is worth 2 points .

The Underground Railroad was a secret network that helped thousands of people escape slavery

Answer choices are as below

A : most slaves were captured in west Africa and transported to north America on slave ships

B ; the railroad was part of the American abolitionist movement that opposed slavery

C ; slaves that were captured in the north could be returned to slavery in the south

D : the railroad was a loosely organized system that provided guides , hiding places , and food to runaway slaves .

E : ” conductors ” and ” agents ” led ” passengers ” north to free states and Canada

F : the president of the Underground Railroad was Indiana banker named Levi Coffin .

خیلی راحت اینجا در واقع جواب موضوع سوال رو از گزینه ا استخراج میکنیم . مطمعنا اون گزینه هایی رو استخراج میکنیم که شاخه هاش تو متن موجود باشن . مطمعنا میتونین 4 یا 5 تا از گزینه هارو تا الان تجزیه تحلیل کنین بدون اینکه به متن برگردین

 

این همان کاری هست که شما باید تو تمام متون انجام بدین خیلی راحت و ساده . سایر انواع نمونه سوال های تافل رو خواهید تونست تو سری سوال های بعدی بیابین

شبیه به همین متن 2 تا متن دیگه ( یا شاید هم 4 تا متن دیگه ) بدن که همه اون متون  براحتی  متن قبل قابل پاسخگویی هستن

شما قرار نیست که روی لغت کار کنین و یا روی مهارت های سوالات . متاسفانه تو اکثر سیستم های آموزش تافل دونه دونه روی سوال ها و مهارت های تافل کار میکنن و انقد اطلاعات انباشت میشه که سر امتحام شما به کل همه چی رو ول میدین . ولی تو این سیستم باید فقط و فقط روی سیستم درخت و مهارت درخت کشی و بلعکس اون کار کنین . اگه هنوز روی درخت مشکل دارین , بهترین برگردین عقب و درس های قبلی رو مطالعه کنین و تکالیفتون رو نهایی کنین. هر چقدر بیشتر کار کنین , همانقدر بیشتر موفق خواهید شد. و همانقدر بیشتر سوالات ریدینگ رو جواب خواهید داد. مطمعن باشین که اگه بتونین درخت رو یاد بگیرین , نه تنها تو تافل بلکه تو تمام انواع سوالات میتونین که نتیجه خوبی رو بگیرین

حالا که یاد گرفتین, میتونین خیلی راحت برین و سوالات تافل رو که تو کتاب ها و سایت های متفاوت و مراجع متفاوت هستند رو حل کنید . فقط دوباره تکرار میکنم که اگه دوس دارین 100% سوالات تافل رو جواب بدین, فقط و فقط از روش درخت استفاده کنین

دیدگاهتان را بنویسید

WhatsApp Call