Countable and Uncountable Nouns with
Some, Any, A/An

I. A is used with singular countable nouns that begin with a consonant.
For example: There is a dog in the garden.
Q: Is there a dog in the garden?

II. An is used with singular countable nouns that begin with a vowel.
For example: There is an apple in the fridge
Q: Is there an apple in the fridge?

Some can be used with plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns. Some is usually used in positive
For example: There is some cheese in the fridge.
Q: Is there any cheese in the fridge?
There are some plums on the tree.
Q: Are there any plums on the tree?

Any is usually used for plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns in questions and negative statements.

For example: Is there any bread in the house?

No, we don’t have any.

We use there is with uncountable nouns and singular countable nouns and there are with plural countable nouns.

How much / How many?

HOW MANY? countable plural nouns
How many books?
How many chairs?
How many ideas?

HOW MUCH? uncountable nouns
How much time?
How much sugar?
How much water?

a. How many bananas are there in the basket?
b. How many days are there in a year?
c. How much ink is there in the pen?
d. How much honey is there in the tin?

We use MANY with the plural form of the verb “To Be” (“are”).
 We use MUCH with the singular form of the verb “To Be” (“is”).

Review of Pronouns and possessive Adjectives

We use subject pronouns and object pronouns to avoid repeating nouns.
Mum’s calling. She’s in Turkey. (Subject pronoun)
How’s Daisy? Give her my love. (Object pronoun)

We use possessive adjectives and pronouns to say that something belongs to someone.

The Possessive adjective is used with a noun, the Possessive pronoun is used without a noun. The Possessive pronoun
replaces a Possessive adjective + a noun:
Possessive adjective: “It is my coat.”
Possessive pronoun: “That coat is mine.”/ “It’s mine.”

I me my mine
you (singular and
your your
she her her hers
he him his his
it it its -*
we us our ours
they them their theirs
* Note there is no possessive pronoun for “it”.

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