time will tell

the outcome will soon be known Only time will tell what happens to the human race.


cheat or betray His girlfriend was two-timing him by sleeping with the plumber.

time of your life

an enjoyable time of your life Did you have the time of your life when you were a teenager?

time to run

time to leave It’s time to run. I need to go an pick up my kids from school.

time flies

time goes very fast Our vacation is over already? Time flies!

the eleventh hour

last chance to do something Just before the deadline, the student submitted the assignment at the eleventh hour.

third time’s a charm

the third time is usually successful I tried unlocking the door twice already. I hope the third time’s a charm.

ship has sailed

a lost opportunity Jack was thinking of marrying Jane but that ship has sailed. She married Zack instead.

the big time

a situation involving fame or success The actress was ready for the big time when she was nominated for the award.

question of time

an inevitability or eventuality It’s only a question of time until all cars drive themselves.

serve time

spend time in prison Chuck served time in prison so it is difficult for him to get hired.

on my watch

during my time on duty I told the workers that they couldn’t sleep on my watch. They can sleep when they get home.

pressed for time

having limited time available The doctor was really pressed for time, so he misdiagnosed the illness.

make up for lost time

to catch up with something after disregarding it for a long time Let’s make up for lost time and hang out all week.

in the nick of time

just in time He caught the train in the nick of time just before it departed.

kill time

pass time aimlessly Most people kill time by swiping through their iPhone apps.

in no time

very quickly It’s so easy. I will be finished the assignment in no time.

in the long run

in the long term She hates doing homework but in the long run it will make her successful.

high time

the right time to accomplish something It’s high time to solve this budget problem.

get with the times

to get up-to-date with the modern era Time to get with the times and buy an electric car.

give a hard time

tease or bother someone Stop giving your little brother a hard time and help him with his homework.

down time

relaxing time You need to have some down time after a long day at work.

do time

go to prison Franky has to do time for all those crimes that he was convicted of.

crunch time

a critical period Crunch time in most sports comes down to the final few minutes of a game.

borrowed time

an uncertain length of time that may end suddenly Everyone is living off of borrowed time. Enjoy every day as if it is your last.

born yesterday

inexperienced Were you born yesterday? You have to pay your credit card quickly to avoid serious debt.

bide your time

relax and take your time doing something Bide your time and take a look through the restaurant menu. There are no other customers.

around the clock

without stopping The pharmacy is open around the clock. It never closes.

beat the clock

finish something before the deadline The paperwork was piled high, but she manages to beat the clock and finish it all.

about time

said to convey impatience I’ve been waiting for you for an hour. It’s about time you arrived!

ahead of time

earlier than the deadline Finish your work ahead of time so you can enjoy your hobbies.

a matter of time

when something is inevitable It’s only a matter of time until they find a cure for cancer.

a hell of a time

a difficult (or exciting) experience Her grandmother had a hell of a time trying to connect to the internet.

zero-sum game

either win or lose In the playoffs, overtime is a zero-sum game. Only one team can win.

under the table

concealed or by secret We should keep this under the table until we know it’s safe to tell everyone.

win hands down

easy victory The team one hands down because their opponents had three red cards.

to be off base

not making a fair statement Mandy was off base when she said that I needed a hair transplant to get the acting role.

time out

break Can we take a time out and work on this later in the afternoon?

the home stretch

near the end We’re on the home stretch now. We’ll be there in a few minutes.

the ball is in your court

the decision is up to you We offered him an extra million dollars. The ball is in his court if he wants to sign the contract.

step up to the plate

take responsibility Yuna is going to step up to the plate and admit that her team’s decision was wrong.

settle a score

get even It’s time to settle the score. I’m sick of losing against these guys.

out of my league

not as good as someone else She’s way out of my league. There’s no way she’ll go out with me.

out in left field

strange or unconventional His response was so way out in left field that everyone couldn’t stop laughing.

not up to par

not good enough If you’re not up to par by the end of the month, you’re fired.

no sweat

no problem Sara said it would be no sweat to finish the assignment on time.

neck and neck

very close The race cars were neck and neck until the end.

long shot

difficult thing to accomplish It will be a long shot to finish in the top three positions.

make the cut

chosen to be part of a group I don’t think I made the cut. Other people will probably get hired instead.

learn the ropes

learn new things I spend the whole morning learning the ropes for the job.

jump the gun

begin too soon If you jump the gun then you may make a mistake. Go at your own pace.

hold all the aces

expected to win The home team holds all the aces. I don’t think the other team will win.

hot shot or big shot

very confident or successful person All the hot shots in New York live on the Upper East Side.

hit below the belt

do something that is unfair You hit me below the belt when you said that lie about me.

hit a snag

face a sudden problem We’ve hit a snag. I don’t think we can finish it on time now.

get into the full swing

be comfortable doing something after some time It took her a month to get into the full swing of things. Now she is the best employee.

front runner

favorite to win The stallion is the front runner. He’ll be hard to beat.

down to the wire

to the end The game is coming down to the wire and nobody has scored.

ace in the hole

a hidden strength or advantage They’ll win the game since their rookie goalkeeper is an ace in the hole.

time is money

time is valuable We can’t wait here all day. Time is money!

put in my two cents

give my opinion Can I put in my two cents? I have something important to say.

penny pincher

a frugal person Victor is such a penny pincher. He never buys anything for anyone.

I bet

I think so I bet she’s going to arrive late to work again.

go Dutch

split the bill The couple always likes to go Dutch and share their living expenses.

cut corners

reduce spending The family had to cut corners in order to put food on the table.

chip in

donate money or time Why don’t you chip in and support the refugees?


a frugal person He’s such a cheapskate. He never buys anything for his girlfriend.

break the bank

go bankrupt She broke the bank after buying the Ferrari.

whisper sweet nothings

to say romantic things to someone Sue likes it when I whisper sweet nothings in her ear in bed.

walk out on someone

to end a relationship My girlfriend walked out on me, so I drank a bottle of vodka.

to fancy someone

to think someone is very attractive Do you fancy Molly? She likes you too.

tie the knot

get married Are you ever going to tie the knot? You aren’t getting any younger.

throw it in her

have sex with her You should throw it in her. I think she really wants you.

pop the question

ask someone to get married He popped her the big question during their vacation.

on the rocks

near the end Their relationship is on the rocks. They’ll probably break up soon.

on the mend

restore or recover Their relationship is now on the mend after going to counseling.

no love lost

mutual dislike There is no love lost between Donald and Hillary.

make love

sex Frank wanted to make love in the tent, but his wife wanted a hotel room.


kissing and hugging Kate really hates it when couples are lovey-dovey in public.

love is blind

love makes someone blind to their partner’s imperfections Love is certainly blind. Tom is very attracted to a girl who eats on the toilet.

love rat

someone who cheats on their partner Hank is such a love rat. This is the tenth girl I’ve seen him with this week.

leave at the altar

decide not to marry at the last minute Her fiance left her at the altar and moved to Fiji.

heart goes out to

feel sympathy My heart goes out to Sara. She spent years fighting cancer.

have the hots for

to be attracted to someone Mary had the hots for George, so she wrote him a love letter.

go steady

date each other I asked her to go steady, but she dated Joe instead.

get hitched

get married We got hitched last month. Didn’t you get the wedding invitation?

double dating

two couples dating at the same time My friend always goes on double dates and likes getting attention from both guys.

drive someone crazy

make someone annoyed or feel madly in love She drives me crazy. I don’t know if I should buy her another diamond or get a divorce.

blind date

dating someone you have never met I don’t like blind dates because I want to know what she looks like first.

beauty is in the eye of the beholder

everyone has different preferences for what is attractive Ella likes guys with big beards. Her girlfriends say to her that beauty is definitely in the eye of the beholder.

be an item

be a couple Apparently, Tiffany and Tim are an item. I always see them together.

when it rains, it pours

many misfortunes often occur all at once Last week, my dog died and I broke my leg. When it rains, it pours.

the tip of the iceberg

a small part of a bigger problem The tax evasion was just the tip of the iceberg. The company has committed countless other crimes.

throw caution to the wind

to let go of all responsibilities and have fun Let’s throw caution to the wind, quit our jobs, and go on vacation!

take a raincheck

reschedule at another time Can I take a raincheck? I don’t have time to hang out tonight.

storm is brewing

an indication that something bad could occur A feel like a storm is brewing and the stock market is about to crash.

steal someone’s thunder

to take credit for someone else’s achievement Some companies steal another’s thunder and ignore copyright laws.

storm in a teacup

make a small problem bigger than it is Don’t make a storm in a teacup. We can go to another restaurant that doesn’t require reservations.

skate on thin ice

do something risky He was skating on thin ice when he insulted the boss.

snowed under

having too much work to do I’m really snowed under now. Can I do the report tomorrow?

save for a rainy day

save money in case something unfortunate happens You should save for a rainy day. You could get injured or become unemployed.

right as rain

feeling very well or fit After a walk through the park, I feel as right as rain. My mind feels clear.

ray of hope

a slight chance that something positive will occur She still had a ray of hope that she would get into medical school.

on cloud nine

very happy Elizabeth was on cloud nine when she put on the diamond ring.

put on ice

postpone Let’s put this problem on ice and get back to it tomorrow.

get a second wind

have new energy after an attempt I was exhausted after 3 kilometers of running, but I got a second wind after I passed the beach.

get wind of something

overhear something about someone or something (often gossip) Sherry got wind that her ex-boyfriend was coming to the same bar, so she went home.

fair-weather friend

a person who is only a friend in good times I try to avoid fair-weather friends. They aren’t very sincere.

chase rainbows

attempt something that will never be achieved You’re chasing rainbows if you think you’re going to be a rock star.

break the ice

doing something first in a social setting Let me break the ice and buy everyone a drink.

calm before the storm

a peaceful period before mayhem The teacher is enjoying the calm before the storm. All of the students will arrive soon.

a breeze

easy Riding a tricycle is such a breeze.

take with a grain of salt

don’t believe it is completely accurate I always take whatever I read in the news with a grain of salt.

take the cake

especially good or outstanding His slapshot definitely takes the cake. It’s the best in the league!

spill the beans

reveal a secret Who spilt the beans about my brother’s surprise birthday party?

smart cookie

an intelligent person George is one smart cookie. He got 100 percent on all his tests.

spice things up

make more exciting Sara spiced up her room by hanging paintings on the walls.

put all of the eggs in one basket

rely on one thing He dedicated all of his time to baseball. If he puts all of his eggs in one basket, he may not have an alternative career to rely on.

piss in my cornflakes

to annoy out of spite She always pisses in my cornflakes because of what I did to her last year.

out to lunch

crazy or distracted or confused That guy is so out to lunch. He is difficult to get business done with.

my cup of tea

something enjoyable Musicals aren’t my cup of tea. I prefer regular movies.

make from scratch

make with original ingredients My wife made me a delicious omelette from scratch.

in a nutshell

to sum up In a nutshell, she is sick because she drank too much last night.

hot potato

a controversial subject Trump’s last Tweet was a hot potato in the news.

have your cake and eat it too

want more than you need Frank is married but he also wants to date other women. He wants to have his cake and eat it too.

gravy train

high pay for minimal work Government workers ride the gravy train while sitting at their desks doing nothing.

hard nut to crack

difficult to understand or persuade The criminal was a tough nut to crack. He never revealed any of his accomplices.

full of beans

energetic The elementary students are always full of beans.

egg someone on

to urge or provoke someone The hockey player tried to egg his opponent on by dropping his gloves.

cut the mustard

meet expectations George’s work ethic didn’t cut the mustard, so he got fired.

cry over spilled milk

get upset over something insignificant or about something irreversible I know you forgot your phone, but there is no need to cry over spilt milk. You can live without it for an hour.

cup of joe

cup of coffee Let’s get a cup of joe at Starbucks.

cream of the crop

the best The team has the cream of the crop of draft picks. They will probably win the cup soon.

cook the books

dishonest accounting Let’s cook the books so we can avoid paying higher taxes.

couch potato

lazy person Don’t be such a couch potato and do some work for once!

cheap as chips

very inexpensive This cup of coffee was only 50 cents. Cheap as chips!

butter someone up

be really nice to someone You had better butter me up if you want a raise in salary.

bread and butter

necessities or main points Tell me the bread and butter of the article and explain the general idea of it.

bite off more than one can chew

take on more responsibility than what is manageable He was multitasking and getting stressed, so I told him not to bite off more than he could chew.

bitter pill

something unpleasant that must be accepted Awarding the trophy to her enemy was a bitter pill to swallow.

big cheese

an important person Where is the director? I want to talk to the big cheese.

basket case

erratic or panicky She became such a basket case when she discovered her ex was at the party.

bad egg

a troublesome person Bart is the bad egg of the class. He is always throwing paper airplanes.


office labor Most white-collar workers don’t get much sunshine.

white lie

a harmless lie She told her boss a white lie when she said she had a doctor’s appointment.

white elephant

useless possession My old DVD player is a white elephant. I only watch Netflix now.

true colors

actual character or personality I saw her true colors when she donated to the local charity.

talk a blue streak

talk a lot Women who are close friends can talk a blue streak on the phone.

silver screen

the movie industry Angelina always wanted to star on the silver screen.

see red

to be enraged Bobby saw red when his brother broke his phone.

red-letter day

an important day My graduation was a red-letter day for my parents.

roll out the red carpet

greet someone with great respect They rolled out the red carpet during the President’s inauguration.

red tape

rules which hinder progress There is a lot of red tape involved with starting a business.

raise a white flag

surrender I decided to raise a white flag and stop arguing with my wife.

pitch black

very dark You should always sleep in a room that is pitch black.

out of the blue

suddenly Her ex-boyfriend called her out of the blue during her honeymoon.

on a silver platter

whole-heatedly or easily He was offered the new job on a silver platter, but he didn’t take it.

in the black

profitable Facebook has been in the black ever since the company went public.

grey area

vague or unclear The store’s return policy is such a grey area. I don’t understand their rules.

golden opportunity

a good chance for achievement He had a golden opportunity to win the game on the penalty shot.

feel blue

feel sad Barbara felt blue after breaking up with her boyfriend.

black out

lose consciousness She knocked her head on the floor and blacked out!

black market

illegal marketplace A lot of fake cigarettes are sold in the black market.

black hole

some place or situation in which things are lost Never take hard drugs. It’s a black hole you can’t escape from.

black and white

absolute terms The contract that you signed is in black and white. You must agree to the terms.

beet red

embarrassed or angry Darren went beet red when he saw the scratch on his car.

black and blue

hurt physically or mentally Both during and after the relationship, I felt so black and blue.

as white as a sheet

very fearful or anxious Walter went as white as a sheet when he saw Hank get shot.

white collar

office labor Most white-collar workers don’t get much sunshine.

wear the pants

be in charge She wears the pants in the family. Her husband stays home and sleeps all day.

rags to riches

going from being poor to wealthy Jake went from rags to riches after he won the lottery.

ride my coattails

do nothing and let others do all the work She has been riding my coattails all year and I don’t get any credit for my effort.

pull up your socks

try hard Good job. You pulled your socks up, studied all day, and aced the test.

keep your shirt on

stay calm Keep your shirt on and try to relax. The plane will land soon.

off the cuff

improvised The groom made did wedding speech off the cuff.

keep something zipped up

keep something a secret He tried to keep the affair zipped up, but his friend told his wife what happened.

hat trick

three goals by one player Ronaldo scored several hat tricks last season.

get the boot

get fired Bob got the boot last week. He needs to find a new job.

dress to kill

dress in glamorous clothes She is always dressed to kill when she goes to the bar.

by the seat of your pants

achieve instinctively or quickly That was impressive. You did your graduation speech by the seat of your pants without any preparation.

buckle down

work hard Let’s buckle down and finish the assignment.


manual labor He got a blue-collar job working as a mechanic.

black tie event

formal event Most big award’s ceremonies are black tie events.

at the drop of a hat

instantly At the drop of a hat, I called my sister when I heard she was pregnant!

birthday suit

naked You should try sleeping with your birthday suit on. It’s much more comfortable.


cowardlyDon’t be so yellow-bellied. It’s only a small spider!

under my thumb

under my controlMick said the girl was under his thumb. She was the sweetest pet in the world.

thick in the head

stupid or foolishTommy is so thick in the head. He keeps licking the wall.

tongue in cheek

not meaning what one is sayingWhen I said to fly to Hawaii, I was speaking tongue in cheek. I didn’t actually think you would book a ticket!

sweet tooth

love sweet thingsSuzie has a sweet tooth. She always eats ice cream after dinner.

see eye to eye

agreeMy wife and eye don’t see eye to eye. We’re getting a divorce.

stick your neck out

help someone despite possible consequences for oneselfYou should stick your neck out for your teammate.

rule of thumb

general ruleAs a rule of thumb, you should get 8 hours of sleep per night.

pull your leg

tease or joke aroundI’m just pulling your leg. Don’t take it too seriously.

play something by ear

let things occur without a rigid planLet’s play it by ear and see what happens tonight.

pat on the back

give recognitionYou deserve a pat on the back for fixing the furnace.

old hand

experienced personPeter is an old hand when analyzing the stock market.

over my dead body

to do anything to prevent something from happeningMy son wanted to get a face tattoo, but I told him over my dead body.

let your hair down

relax and have funYou should let your hair down on Saturday night and go dancing.

know by heart

memorizeSteve knows all of the computer code by heart.

keep my head above water

try not to fall behindI have so much work to finish. It’s hard to keep my head above water here.

in over your head

trying something that is much too difficult for one’s abilityYou’re in over your head. You can’t beat the computer at chess.

keep an eye on

watch carefully or take care ofPlease keep an eye on the kettle. It will boil soon.

head over heels

to be deeply in loveSarah was head over heels for her new boyfriend.

green thumb

talent for gardeningYour flowers live so long because of your green thumb.

give a cold shoulder

to deny or ignoreShe gave him a cold shoulder when he asked for her phone number.

get a head start

start before othersDon always gets a head start and wakes up at dawn.

flesh and blood

familyI can’t fire my brother. He’s my own flesh and blood.

foot the bill

pay for somethingI’ll foot the bill and pay for everyone’s meal at the restaurant.

face the music

deal with unpleasant consequencesThe man confessed to the crime and faced the music in prison.

cold feet

being nervous or anxious before a big eventShe got cold feet before the wedding.

bust my chops

say something insultingShe always busts my chops about my low salary.

apple of my eye

an adored personMy precious daughter is the apple of my eye.

all hands on deck

everyone’s help is neededWe need all hands on deck if we want to reduce carbon emissions.

all thumbs

clumsyI’m all thumbs today. I keep dropping my phone!

all ears

listen carefullyJane asked if I was paying attention. I told her, “I’m all ears!”

achilles’ heel

someone’s weaknessVodka is his achilles’ heel. He only loses his composure when he drinks it.

add insult to injury

worsen an unfavorable situationShe added insult to injury by picking her little brother’s ice cream off the dirty floor and sticking it in his mouth.

Wrap Up

To cover something with some kind of special paper.

Zip Up

To close an item that has a zipper.

Work Up

To gradually improve at or make progress in something.

Work In

To make time in a busy schedule for a person or an activity.

Work Out

When a situation, event, plan, or idea is successful.

Wipe Up

To remove liquid from a surface using a sponge, towel or cloth, etc.

Wipe Off

To completely remove or clean something from a surface or location.

Wipe Out

To clean the inside of something.

Wear Out

When something is damaged or weakened from use and age.

Wind Up

To operate a mechanical device by turning its handle.

Wear Off

To decrease or disappear gradually.

Watch Out

To be aware of someone or something.

Wear Down

To make the surface or top of something disappear due to friction.

Wash Off

To remove dirt or unwanted markings with soap and water.

Wash Up

To clean your face, hands, body, etc.

Wake Up

When you are finished sleeping.

Turn Up

To increase the controls of an electronic or mechanical device.

Use Up

To completely consume or use all of a supply.

Turn Over

To move an object so that the part that is on top becomes the bottom and vice versa.

Turn Out

To attend an event, meeting, etc.

Turn Off

To stop a device from functioning.

Turn On

To cause someone to feel interested and/or attracted.

Turn In

To give someone or something to the police or someone of authority.

Turn Down

To decrease the temperature, sound, etc.

Turn Around

When someone or something moves until it faces the opposite direction.

Try On

To see how something fits or looks before purchasing.

Try Out

To show that you are qualified to do something.

Trick Into

To convince or persuade someone to believe something untrue or to do something for you.

Trade In

To exchange something old for something new.

Track Down

To locate someone or something after a long search

Throw Out

When you get rid of something by putting it in a trash can, bin, etc.

Think Up

To use your imagination to create a plan, idea, or a solution.

Throw Away

To dispose of something you no longer find useful in a waste bin, trash, etc.

Think Ahead

To think and plan carefully for a future situation or event.

Tell On

To inform an authoritative figure about what someone else did.

Think About

To consider something prior to making a final decision.

Tell Apart

To be able to differentiate something or someone from something or someone else.

Talk To

To have a conversation with someone.

Talk Down To

To talk to someone as if they are less intelligent than you by conveying a tone of voice or attitude that says so.

Talk Into

To convince someone to do something.

Take Up On

When you accept an invitation or offer from someone.

Take Out On

To direct your anger towards someone or something when you?re really upset about someone or something else.

Take In

To be successfully tricked or deceived by someone.

Take Out

To remove an object from an area, place or container.

Take Apart

To disconnect or separate the parts of an object.

Switch On

When you move something from the ?off? state to the ?on? state. Synonymous with ?Turn On,? while ?Switch Off? is the opposite.

Switch Off

When you move something from the ?on? state to the ?off? state. Synonymous with ?Turn Off.? Yesterday?s ?Switch On? is the opposite.

Stress Out

To feel very worried, nervous or anxious.

Stop Over

To visit someone for a short period of time.

Stop Off

To make a quick stop on your way to a destination.

Stick Up

To use a weapon, especially a gun, to rob someone.

Stick To

When something is attached to another by some form of adhesive.

Step On

To place your foot on something or someone.

Stick Around

To stay in a place or with someone for any period of time.

Stay Up

To remain in a place that is higher than ground level.

Stay Out

To spend time out of your own home.

Stay Off

To avoid discussing a certain subject or topic.

Start Off

The beginning of an event, activity or time period.

Start Out

To begin a trip or venture to some place.

Stand Up

To rise from sitting or lying down to a vertical position.

Stand Around

To stand in one place or area when you should be doing something.

Stand For

To support or represent an idea, belief, etc.

Sort Out

To arrange or separate things into groups according to similarities.

Space Out

When someone?s attention is not in the present moment. [Adj.] {spaced out} To describe a person whose attention isn?t in the present moment.

Sneak Out

To leave a place without being noticed.

Sneak In/Into

To enter a place quietly to avoid being seen or heard.

Sign Out

To write your name on a list to indicate the day and time of your departure.

Sit Down

To change from a standing to a sitting position.

Sign In

To write your name on a list to indicate the day and time you arrived at a certain place.

Shut Off

To stop the operation of an electrical or mechanical device.

Show Off

To overly display your skills or what you have.

Shake Up

To mix something in a container by shaking it.

Settle For

To accept something even though it?s not what you want or need.

Set Up

To organize or plan for an activity/event to happen.

See About

To seriously think about doing something.

Sell Out

When all the inventory of a particular product has been purchased.

Screw Up

To make a mistake or do something really bad.

Run Up

To run from a lower elevation or level to a higher elevation or level.

Screw On

To ensure the top of a container/bottle is sealed.

Run Over

When someone is injured or killed by a vehicle.

Run Out

When people exit a place very quickly. Run In/ Run Into is the opposite of this meaning.

Run Down

To hit someone or something with a vehicle.

Run Into

When something collides with another object by accident.

Run Across

To move or run from one side to the other.

Run Around

To go from one place to another in a hurry.

Rule Out

When someone or something is excluded as a possibility.

Rip Up

To tear something (i.e. paper, cloth, etc.) into pieces.

Ring Up

To call someone on the phone.

Rip Off

When someone asks for a price for something that is too high, when someone cheats or steals.

Put Up To

To encourage or persuade someone to do something.

Put Up With

To tolerate or accept something that you?d rather not.

Put Up

To move an object to a higher level.

Put Past

To not be surprised by a person?s actions. [Always used with the negative]

Put To

To cause someone or something to be in a certain state or to do something extra.

Put Out

To extend a part of your body.

Put Off

To become offended by someone or something.

Put In

When you invest or make a deposit. In this example, the amount almost always separates the verb.

Put Back

When something is causing a project to slow down.

Put Down

To place something on a surface or an object.

Put Away

To place something where it cannot be seen or isn?t in the way of other things.

Punch In

To enter data or record time on a device.

Punch Out

To record the time you leave the workplace using a special clock.

Pull Out

When something or someone leaves a place.

Pull Over

To drive your vehicle to the side of the road to stop.

Pull Off

To succeed in doing something difficult or tricky.

Point To

When you aim at something or someone using your finger or hand.

Print Out

To produce a hard copy of a computer document.

Plug Up

To block a narrow passage such as a hole, drain, or pipe so that nothing can flow through.

Plug In

To connect an electrical device to an electrical outlet.

Plug In/Into

To connect an electrical appliance/machine to another piece of equipment or to a power source.

Plan On

When you have the intention to do something.

Plan Ahead

To prepare for a future event or situation.

Plan For

To prepare for a big event or expectation in the future.

Piss Off

[Informal] To be angry about something.

Pile Up?

To put things in a pile or heap.

Pick Out

When you are able to recognize something or someone from a group.

Pick Up

To get someone or something from somewhere.

Pick On

To tease and/or criticize someone over a period of time.

Pay Up

To pay all the money that is owed or asked for.

Pay Off

To repay money that is owed to a person or entity.

Narrow Down

To reduce the number of options or possibilities.

Pay Back

When you return money that you owe someone.

Move In

When you bring your personal belongings and stuff to a new place where you will live. Yesterday?s phrasal verb, Move Out, has the opposite meaning.

Move Out

When you permanently remove all your belongings and personal items from a place where you live or stay.

Mix Up

To put or combine different things together so they?ll merge successfully.

Monkey Around With

To try to play with or repair a device that you have no true knowledge about.

Mess Up

When something is dirty or unorganized.

Make For?

To go in a certain direction, typically in a hurry.

Make Of

To understand the meaning of something.

Luck Out

To have exceptionally good luck.

Look Up To

This particular phrasal verb is used to say you view someone with respect and/or admiration.

Look Up

When a situation becomes better.

Look Over

To examine or inspect something or someone.

Look Into

To investigate or get more facts about something.

Look Forward To

To anticipate a future event because it either makes you happy and/or you benefit from it.

Look At?

To divert your eyes to someone or something.

Look Down On

When you consider someone or something as unimportant or with little to no value. The opposite of yesterday?s phrasal verb.

Lock Out

When you don?t have the key or passcode to enter a secured place.

Lock Up

When you shut the windows and doors of a place or building.

Look Around

To turn your head to see what or who is around you.

Lock In

To secure people or things behind a closed door.

Lighten Up

When a conversation is changed or a person changes to become less serious.

Line Up

To form in a row one after another or side-by-side.

Lift Up

To raise someone or something to a higher level.

Let Up

When someone or something becomes less intense or strong.

Let On

To tell something that is a secret or private.

Let Out

When you give permission for someone to leave or be released from a place.

Let Off

To allow someone to leave a car, bus, train etc.

Let In

To allow someone or something to enter a place.

Leave Over

When you have a portion that still remains from something after you have used or eaten the rest of it.

Leave Out

To not include someone or something.

Leave Off

To accidentally or intentionally not include a person or thing on a list.

Lead Up To

When a period of time or a series of events cause an event, situation or conversation to happen.

Leave Behind

When you don?t take something or someone with you when you leave.

Lay Down

To place something on a surface or an object.

Lay Off

When a company or business ends a worker?s employment.

Know About

To have knowledge of or be familiar with something.

Knock Out

When someone is struck hard enough to cause them to lose consciousness.

Knock Over

To make contact with something or someone in such a way it or they fall.

Kick Out

To force someone to leave an organization or place.

Knock Off

To use force to cause someone or something to fall from its place, whether intentionally or accidentally.

Keep Up

To continue to do something.

Kick Back

To illegally pay extra money to someone as part of the price.

Keep To

When you don?t share information.

Keep Off

To avoid discussing a particular subject or topic.

Keep On

To continue doing something.

Keep From

To stop yourself or other people from doing something.

Keep Away

To avoid getting close to someone or something.

Keep Down

To make sound, music and noise minimal.

Keep At

To continue doing an activity even though it may be difficult.

Hold Up

To hold someone or something up in the air.

Hook Up

When you connect two electrical devices together.

Hold Out

To extend your hand or an object in front of you.

Hold On

When you wait for a short time.

Hold Against

When you don?t forgive or have little respect for someone because of something they did.

Help Out

To assist people with something.

Hit On

To suddenly have a solution to a problem or an interesting idea.

Heat Up

To make something warmer or cause a rise in temperature.

Hear Of

When you learn about something or someone.

Head Toward

To move in the direction where someone or something is.

Hear About

When you learn details about something or someone.

Head Back

To go to a place where you?ve been before or where you started from.

Head For

When a situation becomes more likely.

Have On

To wear clothing, cosmetics, perfume, etc.

Hang Up

To hang clothes or an object on a hook, hanger or rod.

Hang On

When you hold something, often for support of comfort.

Hang Out

To hang something, usually wet clothes, to dry.

Hand Out

To distribute something free to other people.

Hand Back

When you return something to the person who owns it after the person has given it to you

Hand In

To give something to a person of authority.

Grow Out Of

To become too big or too tall for your clothes.

Grow Up

When you physically change from a child to an adult.

Gross Out

To be disgusted with someone or something.

Goof Around

To waste time doing silly or unimportant things.

Go Up

To move or extend to a higher level or farther North.

Go With

To accompany someone to a place.

Go Through With

When you make a decision to do something, and actually do it.

Go On

When something takes place.

Go Out

To leave a place or area you?re in.

Go In/Into

To enter a place, room, building, etc. usually through a door.

Go In For

To enter a place or area for a specific reason.

Go In

To enter a place, building, room, etc.

Go By

To pass someone or something quickly.

Go Down

To move to a lower position, place, price, level, etc.

Go Back On

When you fail to fulfill a promise you made to someone.

Go Beyond

To be more than or better than what is normal or expected.

Go Away

To move or travel from one place to another place.

Go Back

To return to a place, time, activity, or a person.

Go Ahead

To proceed to do something that you were hesitant about.

Go Along With

to accept or agree with a decision, rule, opinion, etc.

Go About?

To take the necessary steps to get something done.

Go After

When you do your best to get something no matter how difficult it is.

Give Up

To stop doing something without completing it.

Give Away

To give something for free or without expecting anything in return.

Get Up

To move to a higher level/position.

Get To

To arrive to or assist someone to a place.

Get Through

When a message, meaning, or idea is understood or accepted.

Get Over

To move past an obstacle to the other side.

Get Out Of

To receive a benefit and/or satisfaction from doing something.

Get On

When you move your body and either stand, sit, lie, kneel, etc. towards something (non-separable).

Get Off

To leave a form of transportation, except a car.

Get Off On

To be excited or to truly enjoy doing something.

Get In

To arrive or enter a place, room, building, etc.

Get Down

To move to a lower place or level.

Get Behind

To learn, work, or progress more slowly than others.

Get By

To pass someone or something.

Get Back To

When you talk to someone at a later time either because you are busy or you have obtained additional or new information.

Get Around To

To do something that needed to get done at an earlier time.

Get Along

To have good interactions with others.

Get Ahead

To become successful in the professional environment or make consistent progress in life.

Freak Out

When someone becomes irrationally upset or angry, sometimes to the point of confusion.

Follow Up

To find out more about something, or take further action in regards to it.

Fool Around

To waste time doing unimportant or silly things.

Flip Out

To become very mad or lose control over your emotions.

Float Around

When an object or a person is near, but you cannot pinpoint the exact location.

Fix Up

To make plans or arrangements with someone or for others.

Find Out

To become aware of something or someone.

Fill Up

To fill something completely.

Fill In

To add personal information in the blank spaces of an official document.

Fight Back

When you defend yourself/resist an attack, or make an effort against an opponent in a competition.

Feel Up To

When you have/don?t have the energy and confidence to do something.

Fall Over

When someone or something falls from an upright position to the ground.

Fall Through

If things do not go as planned, or if a plan, deal or agreement fails.

Fall Off

When something drops to a lower level.

Fall Out

To fall from or through something.

Fall For

When you have an intense attraction to something or someone.

Fall Apart

When something breaks all at once or piece by piece.

Empty Out

To remove everyone or everything from a space.

End Up

The end result of something planned or unplanned.

Eat Up

When someone consumes all their food.

Dry Up

When all the liquid and/or moisture evaporates.

Dry Off

To dry something or a surface quickly.

Dry Out

To remove water or other liquid from a container.

Drop Out

To quit a school program or training course.

Drop In

To visit someone unexpectedly or without making arrangements first.

Drop Off

To gradually decline/become less.

Dress Up

To wear formal clothes, or a costume for a special occasion.

Do Without

To manage well without something or someone.

Do With

To make a connection between two or more things.

Do Over

To do something again in order to improve or correct mistakes.

Deal With

When you do everything you must do to solve a problem or complete.

Cut Up

When you use a knife or scissors to cut something into several pieces.

Cut Out

To remove something using a knife or a pair of scissors.

Cut Off

To completely remove or separate a part of something by cutting it with something sharp like a knife or a pair of scissors, etc.

Cut Down

To do less of something or to use something in smaller amounts.

Cut Back

When you spend less money on something.

Crack Down

To take more action than usual against wrongdoing.

Cross Off

To remove or delete someone or something from a list.

Cover Up?

To use something to conceal something else.

Count Up

To count all of something or people in a group.

Count On

To rely on someone for support when you need it most.

Con Out Of

To persuade someone to give or do something through lies and deception.

Con Into

To persuade someone to do something through lies and deception.

Come Up With

When you think of a solution, idea, plan, or excuse.

Come Up

When something appears or happens, either expected or unexpected.

Come On

To appear on television or be heard on the radio.

Come In

When someone or something enters a place, building, or room.

Come Off

When something is removed or breaks off from where it was originally attached to.

Come Down With

When you start to experience the symptoms of a disease or illness.

Come Down To

When a situation is reduced to a certain outcome.

Come Down

To move from a higher to a lower position or from north to south.

Come Apart

When something breaks or separates piece by piece.

Come Across

The way other people perceive something or someone.

Close Down

When the activities or services of a business permanently end.

Clog Up

When something in a drain or valve prevents the flow of water or other liquids

Clear Up

To do something to solve a problem or a misunderstanding.

Clear Out

To remove things completely from an area or place.

Clean Out

To clean or clear the inside of something thoroughly.

Chop Up

To cut something into pieces with a knife.

Check Out

To leave a hotel or other form of an accommodation after your stay there.

Check In

To register at a hotel or airport upon arrival.

Cheat On

When you are emotionally and/or sexually unfaithful to your girlfriend/boyfriend or spouse.

Catch Up

To move faster to reach someone or something that is ahead of you.

Carry Out

To move something or someone from one place to another using your arms or an object.

Catch On

To understand or realize something.

Carry On

To continue doing something or to continue on in life despite an obstacle.

Carry Away

To do something out of the ordinary due to strong emotions.

Care For

To nurture or take care of someone or something.

Calm Down

To become less violent, nervous, excited or angry.

Call Off

To cancel an event that has been previously planned.

Call Up

To be chosen to take part in a military mission.

Call In

To request that someone come and help.

Butt In

To interrupt a conversation or activity.

Burn Up

To destroy something with heat or fire.

Burn Out

When a candle stops burning because there is nothing left to burn.

Burn Down

When someone uses fire to destroy a structure.

Build In/Into

To add a fixture or component to a certain area or place through construction.

Bump Into

When you meet people by accident or unexpectedly.

Brush Up

To practice and review your knowledge or a skill that you haven?t used in a while.

Brush Off

To remove something(dust particle, insect, etc) with your hand.

Bring Up

To bring something from a lower level/place to a higher level/place.

Bring Over

To bring someone or something from one place or area to another.

Break Off

To remove a part of something with force.

Break Out

To escape from a place, situation or way of life.

Break In

To enter a place illegally and with the use of force.

Break Down

When someone loses self-control and is emotionally and/or mentally agitated. This meaning has a noun form for a situation where someone loses self-control.

Boil Down To

To have determined or analyzed the solution or reason for something.

Blow Out

To extinguish or make a flame stop burning.

Blow Away

When the wind moves an object or person from where it was.

Blow Off

When the wind removes something from its place.

Bite Off

To use your teeth to bite a piece of something.

Believe In

To feel confident about something or someone.

Beat Up

When someone punches, kicks, or hits someone repeatedly using fists or with an object.

Beef Up

To make changes or an improvement.

Back Up

To walk or drive a vehicle backwards.

Back Off

When you leave an emotional situation, or to allow someone to handle something alone.

Back Down

To withdraw your position in a fight, argument, plan, etc.

Ask Out

When you ask someone to go with you to a certain place or for a special occasion, to spend time together and have fun. If one or both parties involved are interested in a romantic way, then it is considered a date.

Aim At

To point a weapon at someone or something.

wild goose chase

lengthy undertaking that accomplishes little Making the playoffs is now a wild goose chase. The team should focus on player development.

water off a duck’s back

a harmful remark that has no effect on someone She insulted me but I didn’t care. It was like water off a duck’s back.

wag the dog

distract attention from The politician wags the dog to prevent people from discovering his scandal.

throw to the dogs

allow someone to be attacked Why did you throw me to the dogs yesterday? I couldn’t defend myself.

three dog night

very cold Looks like it’s going to be a three dog night. It’s going to minus 40 degrees.

the lion’s share

the majority She was upset because her sister got the lion’s share of the inheritance.

the cat’s pyjamas

the best person or thing She’s the cat’s pyjamas. Everyone loves to watch her perform on the stage.

the cat’s whiskers

the best person or thing Do you think you’re really the cat’s whiskers? Anybody can parallel park with car sensors now.

smell a rat

suspect deception I smell rat. I know I left my wallet on my desk, but it’s gone.

sick as a dog

very sick I was sick as a dog on Monday, so I couldn’t go to work.

shooting fish in a barrel

easy or not challenging For my brilliant little brother, setting up the Wifi connection is like shooting fish in a barrel.

screw the pooch

fail Carl really screwed the pooch on the exam. He’s the only one who failed.


someone who is always scared Are you really afraid of the dark? You’re such a scaredy-cat!

run with the big dogs

compete with the top performers It’s time to run with the big dogs when you play in the Premier League.

red herring

something that draws attention away from an important topic The President’s gambling addiction was just a red herring for the pipeline problems.

rock hound

a geologist The gold miner is such a rock hound. He is going to be very wealthy.

rat race

competitive struggle I escaped the rat race in the office and moved to Hawaii.

put the cat among pigeons

an action that causes problems You really put the cat among pigeons when you brought up those bill payments again.

puppy dog eyes

innocent facial expression His daughter showed him puppy dog eyes after dropping his ice cream cone.

puppy love

teenager romantic love It was just puppy love during high school but they broke up in university.

plenty of other fish in the sea

there are many other available partners Don’t worry. You’ll find another girl. There are plenty of other fish in the sea.

pig out

eat a lot Last night, I pigged out on a bag of potato chips.

no room to swing a cat

very small place There’s no room to swing a cat in this apartment. I can almost touch the two walls with both hands.

nest egg

saved money She has a huge nest egg, so she doesn’t have to work anymore.

more than one way to skin a cat

more than one way to succeed There’s more than one way to skin a cat. Let’s quit our jobs and start a business by the beach!

monkey see, monkey do

silly people copy each other Monkey see, monkey do. Your brother spilt ketchup on his shirt too.

look what the cat dragged in

someone unwelcome has arrived Look what the cat dragged in. We told you to stay home and talk to your therapist.

lion’s share

the majority of something You took the lion’s share of the money. All I got was a couple pennies.

like the cat got the cream

satisfaction with some kind of achievement After proving her innocence, she smiled at the police officer like the cat got the cream.

let the dog see the rabbit

remove unnecessary obstructions It’s time to let the dog see the rabbit. Bring the batter up to the big leagues!

like herding cats

a difficult task Getting everyone to take the vaccine is like herding cats.

lead a dog’s life

unhappy life Her father lead a dog’s life trying to raise her and she never appreciated him.

let sleeping dogs lie

avoid interfering in something that may create trouble Don’t bring up old arguments. It’s best to let sleeping dogs lie.

lazy as a dog

very lazy I was lazy as a dog last weekend. I stayed in bed on Saturday and Sunday.

kitty corner

diagonally across from Starbucks is kitty corner to the gas station.

keep the wolves at bay

stay safe from or prevent near disaster He needed a part-time job to keep the wolves at bay and to avoid serious debt.

in the dog house

in trouble The coach won’t let me play. I’m in the dog house.

horse around

play roughly Stop horsing around kids. You’re in the library.

hot dog

show off What a hot dog! He’s stickhandling the puck around every player!

holy cow

that is surprising Holy cow! Did she really dye her hair blue?

hold your horses

wait and be patient Hold your horses! I’ll be ready in a minute.

hair of the dog

drinking alcohol to cure a hangover The hair of the dog is the best remedy for a hangover.

have a cow

get upset Don’t have a cow! It’s not like I scratched the car on purpose!

grin like a Cheshire cat

mischievously satisfied She was grinning like a Cheshire cat after she had used her boyfriend’s credit card.

glory hound

someone looking for fortune or fame He’s such a glory hound. He loves the attention from the press.

fly in the ointment

annoyance that spoils enjoyment The wedding crasher was such a fly in the ointment.

fat cat

wealthy person Fat cats get wealthier with inflation while the poor have to pay more for groceries.

every dog has its day

everyone has success eventually Keep shooting and you will score. Every dog has its day.

elephant in the room

a sensitive unaddressed issue The couple’s money problem was an elephant in the room. They never talk about finances.

early bird

someone who likes to wake up early Sara is such an early bird. She gets up before the sun rises.

eager beaver

someone who is excited about something She’s such an eager beaver when checking updates on Instagram.

drop like flies

die or give up quickly The other candidates dropped like flies at the end of the election.

don’t count chickens before they hatch

don’t plan for something that may not happen Zoe bought the dress, before anyone asked her to the prom. I told her not to count her chickens before they hatch.

double dog dare

challenge defiantly She double dog dared me to go hang gliding so I had to do it!


someone who does all the work The chef was the dogsbody in the kitchen. Everyone else broke dishes.

doggy bag

food taken home after a restaurant meal My girlfriend barely ate her dinner so she asked the waiter for a doggy bag.

dogs of war

destruction caused by war Famine and poverty are unfortunately common dogs of war.

dog’s breakfast

very messy Her mother was upset because her son’s room was like a dog’s breakfast.


very tired She was dog-tired after running the marathon.


folded corners of pages in a book He dog-eared the pages of the book instead of using a bookmark.

dog days

very hot days The dog days of summer are really humid and uncomfortable.

dog and pony show

elaborate presentation The designer bag showcase was such a dog and pony show.

curiosity killed the cat

curiosity may lead to unwanted circumstances Don’t enter that haunted house. Remember that curiosity killed the cat!

dog and bone

a telephone She is speaking with her boyfriend on the dog and bone.

crocodile tears

fake tears Her little daughter always cries crocodile tears to get whatever she wants.


someone who copies another You’re such a copycat! Do your own work!

cool cat

a hip or cool person He was such a coot cat. He was respected by his peers and the girls all loved him.

chicken out

avoid doing something because of fear Mary was going to go skydiving, but she chickened out.

clam up

become quiet Tom always clams up when you ask him about his ex-girlfriend.


a short sleep My father always takes a catnap after work.


a fight between two women The catfight was brutal! The other girl scratched her face with her nails.


sexually suggestive comment The construction workers were all catcalling the woman as she walked by.

cat’s meow

something wonderful Her birthday cake was the cat’s meow. She ate the whole thing in less than a minute!

cat’s paw

someone being exploited Poorer citizens are usually the cat’s paw of politicians. They use them only to get votes and never follow through on promised policies.

cat’s cradle

something overly complicated There is a cat’s cradle of rules that you must follow to board a flight these days.

cat got your tongue

said when someone doesn’t speak What’s wrong? Cat got your tongue? You haven’t said a word since we arrived.

cat burglar

quick thief The cat burglar took everything in the house before the cops arrived.

cat and mouse

playfully deceive The boss kept playing cat and mouse with me and never gave me the raise.

cat around

sleep with many people His wife used to cat around while he was working hard at the office.

call your dogs off

stop criticizing or attacking I paid you all of the money. I don’t owe you anything. Call your dogs off!

black sheep

unaccepted group member Tom was the black sheep of the family and preferred to do things on his own.

beat a dead horse

dwell on a topic beyond resolution I told you several times that I won’t do it. Don’t beat a dead horse!

bell the cat

take on a difficult task Politicians should bell the cat and start reducing the inflation rate.

beast of burden

someone carries others problems I will never be your beast of burden. You have got to deal with your own problems.

bark up the wrong tree

look in the wrong place or falsely accuse He asked me if I broke his laptop. I said he was barking up the wrong tree.

a whale of a time

an exciting experience The family had a whale of a time at the theme park.

a cat in gloves catches no mice

being too careful can result in failure You need to tell her how you really feel if you want to marry her. Remember that a cat in gloves catches no mice.

a barking dog never bites

a person who constantly threatens never acts Don’t worry about his vocal threats. He won’t hurt you physically.


A kind of monomania in which the patient believes himself transformed into one of the lower animals.


A genus of Actinaria, including numerous species, found mostly in tropical seas. The zooids or polyps resemble small, elongated actinias united together at their bases by fleshy stolons, and thus forming extensive groups. The tentacles are small and bright colored.


The zooids of a compound anthozoan, collectively.


A suborder of Actinaria, including Zoanthus and allied genera, which are permanently attached by their bases.


A genus of grasses including Indian rice. See Indian rice, under Rice.


An instrument of music used in Austria and Germany. It has from thirty to forty wires strung across a shallow sounding-board, which lies horizontally on a table before the performer, who uses both hands in playing on it. [Not to be confounded with the old lute-shaped cittern, or cithern.]


A double eight-sided pyramid, a form common with tetragonal crystals; — so called because this form often occurs in crystals of zircon.


A rare element of the carbon-silicon group, intermediate between the metals and nonmetals, obtained from the mineral zircon as a dark sooty powder, or as a gray metallic crystalline substance. Symbol Zr. Atomic weight, 90.4.


The oxide of zirconium, obtained as a white powder, and possessing both acid and basic properties. On account of its infusibility, and brilliant luminosity when incandescent, it is used as an ingredient of sticks for the Drummomd light.


Pertaining to, containing, or resembling, zirconium; as, zirconic oxide; zirconic compounds.


A mineral occurring in tetragonal crystals, usually of a brown or gray color. It consists of silica and zirconia. A red variety, used as a gem, is called hyacinth. Colorless, pale-yellow or smoky-brown varieties from Ceylon are called jargon.


A double fluoride of zirconium and hydrogen, or some other positive element or radical; as, zircofluoride of sodium.


A combining form (also used adjectively) designating zirconium as an element of certain double compounds; zircono-; as in zircofluoric acid, sodium zircofluoride.


A hill in Jerusalem, which, after the capture of that city by the Israelites, became the royal residence of David and his successors.


A kind of mica containing lithium, often associated with tin ore.


Any plant of the composite genus Zinnia, Mexican herbs with opposite leaves and large gay-colored blossoms. Zinnia elegans is the commonest species in cultivation.


A steel-gray metallic mineral, a sulphide of antimony and lead.


Of or pertaining to ginger, or to a tribe (Zingibereae) of endogenous plants of the order Scitamineae. See Scitamineous.


A small, edible, freshwater European perch (Aspro zingel), having a round, elongated body and prominent snout.


Of, pertaining to, or containing, zinc; zincic; as, zincous salts.


Pertaining to, or resembling, zinc; — said of the electricity of the zincous plate in connection with a copper plate in a voltaic circle; also, designating the positive pole.


Electrically polarized like the surface of the zinc presented to the acid in a battery, which has zincous affinity.


Of or pertaining to zincography; as, zincographic processes.


The art or process of engraving or etching on zinc, in which the design is left in relief in the style of a wood cut, the rest of the ground being eaten away by acid.


The positive electrode of an electrolytic cell; anode.


Pertaining to zinc, or having its appearance.


A combining form from zinc; in chemistry, designating zinc as an element of certain double compounds. Also used adjectively.


To coat or impregnate with zinc.


Native zinc oxide; a brittle, translucent mineral, of an orange-red color; — called also red zinc ore, and red oxide of zinc.


The act or process of applying zinc; the condition of being zincified, or covered with zinc; galvanization.


Pertaining to, containing, or resembling, zinc; zincous.


An abundant element of the magnesium-cadmium group, extracted principally from the minerals zinc blende, smithsonite, calamine, and franklinite, as an easily fusible bluish white metal, which is malleable, especially when heated. It is not easily oxidized in moist air, and hence is used for sheeting, coating galvanized iron, etc. It is used in making brass, …

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A kind of water found in copper mines; water impregnated with copper.


A large, venomous, two-winged fly, native of Abyssinia. It is allied to the tsetse fly, and, like the latter, is destructive to cattle.


A low, thorny, suffrutescent, crucifeous plant (Zilla myagroides) found in the deserts of Egypt. Its leaves are boiled in water, and eaten, by the Arabs.


A district or local division, as of a province.


The quality or state of being zigzag; crookedness.


Something that has short turns or angles.


The second month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, corresponding to our May.


Curd produced from milk by adding acetic acid, after rennet has ceased to cause coagulation.


A mineral wax, vert similar to ozocerite. It is found at Zietrisika, Moldavia, whence its name.


A carnivorous mammal (Viverra zibetha) closely allied to the civet, from which it differs in having the spots on the body less distinct, the throat whiter, and the black rings on the tail more numerous.


The chief deity of the Greeks, and ruler of the upper world (cf. Hades). He was identified with Jupiter.


Any one of a group of bombycid moths of which the genus Zeuzera is the type. Some of these moths are of large size. The goat moth is an example.


Of or pertaining to zeugma; characterized by zeugma.


A figure by which an adjective or verb, which agrees with a nearer word, is, by way of supplement, referred also to another more remote; as, “hic illius arma, hic currus fuit;” where fuit, which agrees directly with currus, is referred also to arma.


A genus of extinct Eocene whales, remains of which have been found in the Gulf States. The species had very long and slender bodies and broad serrated teeth. See Phocodontia.


A branch of algebra which relates to the direct search for unknown quantities.


A Greek letter corresponding to our z.


Seeking; proceeding by inquiry.


A piece of orange or lemon peel, or the aromatic oil which may be squeezed from such peel, used to give flavor to liquor, etc.


A cipher; nothing; naught.


The west wind, or zephyr; — usually personified, and made the most mild and gentle of all the sylvan deities.


The west wind; poetically, any soft, gentle breeze.


Of or pertaining to a zeolite; consisting of, or resembling, a zeolite.


A term now used to designate any one of a family of minerals, hydrous silicates of alumina, with lime, soda, potash, or rarely baryta. Here are included natrolite, stilbite, analcime, chabazite, thomsonite, heulandite, and others. These species occur of secondary origin in the cavities of amygdaloid, basalt, and lava, also, less frequently, in granite and …

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That point in the visible celestial hemisphere which is vertical to the spectator; the point of the heavens directly overhead; — opposed to nadir.


An atheist or unbeliever; — name given in the East to those charged with disbelief of any revealed religion, or accused of magical heresies.


A South African burrowing mammal (Suricata tetradactyla), allied to the civets. It is grayish brown, with yellowish transverse stripes on the back. Called also suricat.


The sacred writings of the ancient Persian religion, attributed to Zoroaster, but chiefly of a later date.


Properly, the translation and exposition in the Huzv/resh, or literary Pehlevi, language, of the Avesta, the Zoroastrian sacred writings; as commonly used, the language (an ancient Persian dialect) in which the Avesta is written.


The blind mole rat (Spalax typhlus), native of Eastern Europe and Asia. Its eyes and ears are rudimentary, and its fur is soft and brownish, more or less tinged with gray. It constructs extensive burrows.


The part of a dwelling appropriated to women.


An Austrian silver coin equal to ten kreutzers, or about five cents.


A nitrogenous substance of the nature of gluten, obtained from the seeds of Indian corn (Zea) as a soft, yellowish, amorphous substance.


A medicinal substance obtained in the East Indies, having a fragrant smell, and a warm, bitter, aromatic taste. It is used in medicine as a stimulant.


The letter Z; — called also zee, and formerly izzard.


The upper division of the Permian (Dyas) of Europe. The prevailing rock is a magnesian limestone.


A bovine mammal (Ros Indicus) extensively domesticated in India, China, the East Indies, and East Africa. It usually has short horns, large pendulous ears, slender legs, a large dewlap, and a large, prominent hump over the shoulders; but these characters vary in different domestic breeds, which range in size from that of the common ox …

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A large noxious fly of Abyssinia, which like the tsetse fly, is destructive to cattle.


A kind of cabinet wood having beautiful black, brown, and whitish stripes, the timber of a tropical American tree (Connarus Guianensis).


Pertaining to, or resembling, the zebra.


Either one of two species of South African wild horses remarkable for having the body white or yellowish white, and conspicuously marked with dark brown or brackish bands.


Filled with, or characterized by, zeal; warmly engaged, or ardent, in behalf of an object.


The character and behavior of a zealot; excess of zeal; fanatical devotion to a cause.


The character or conduct of a zealot; zealotry.


One who is zealous; one who engages warmly in any cause, and pursues his object with earnestness and ardor; especially, one who is overzealous, or carried away by his zeal; one absorbed in devotion to anything; an enthusiast; a fanatical partisan.


Like, or suitable to, a zealot; ardently zealous.


Full of zeal; characterized by zeal.


One who is zealous; a zealot; an enthusiast.


Passionate ardor in the pursuit of anything; eagerness in favor of a person or cause; ardent and active interest; engagedness; enthusiasm; fervor.


A genus of large grasses of which the Indian corn (Zea Mays) is the only species known. Its origin is not yet ascertained. See Maize.


A tool for trimming and puncturing roofing slates.


A public shed, or portico, for travelers, worshipers, etc.


A species of macaque (Macacus pileatus) native of India and Ceylon. It has a crown of long erect hair, and tuft of radiating hairs on the back of the head. Called also capped macaque.


A genus of flowering plants. Zauschneria Californica is a suffrutescent perennial, with showy red flowers much resembling those of the garden fuchsia.


An improvised stockade; especially, one made of thorn bushes, etc.


Native sulphide of arsenic, including sandarach, or realgar, and orpiment.


A European bream (Abramis vimba).


A hydrous carbonate of nickel occurring as an emerald-green incrustation on chromite; — called also emerald nickel.


Of or pertaining to Zarathustra, or Zoroaster; Zoroastrian.


An extinct genus of cyathophylloid corals common in the Paleozoic formations. It is cup-shaped with numerous septa, and with a deep pit in one side of the cup.


State or character of a zany; buffoonery.


A merry-andrew; a buffoon.


A native or inhabitant of Zante, one of the Ionian Islands.


A yellow dyewood; fustet; — called also zante, and zante fustic. See Fustet, and the Note under Fustic.

Zante currant

A kind of seedless grape or raisin; — so called from Zante, one of the Ionian Islands.


A European pike perch (Stizostedion lucioperca) allied to the wall-eye; — called also sandari, sander, sannat, schill, and zant.


A West African buffalo (Bubalus brachyceros) having short horns depressed at the base, and large ears fringed internally with three rows of long hairs. It is destitute of a dewlap. Called also short-horned buffalo, and bush cow.


A sort of bagpipe formerly in use among Italian peasants. It is now almost obsolete.


A fossil cycad of the genus Zamia.


The jurisdiction of a zamindar; the land possessed by a zamindar.


A landowner; also, a collector of land revenue; now, usually, a kind of feudatory recognized as an actual proprietor so long as he pays to the government a certain fixed revenue.


A genus of cycadaceous plants, having the appearance of low palms, but with exogenous wood. See Coontie, and Illust. of Strobile.


The child of a mulatto and a negro; also, the child of an Indian and a negro; colloquially or humorously, a negro; a sambo.


An immense leguminous tree (Pithecolobium Saman) of Venezuela. Its branches form a hemispherical mass, often one hundred and eighty feet across. The sweet pulpy pods are used commonly for feeding cattle. Also called rain tree.


Of or pertaining to a tribe (Zalambdodonta) of Insectivora in which the molar teeth have but one V-shaped ridge.


A horse of a dark color, neither gray nor white, and having no spots.


A district from which a Zaim draws his revenue.


A pigment obtained, usually by roasting cobalt glance with sand or quartz, as a dark earthy powder. It consists of crude cobalt oxide, or of an impure cobalt arseniate. It is used in porcelain painting, and in enameling pottery, to produce a blue color, and is often confounded with smalt, from which, however, it is …

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A Turkish chief who supports a mounted militia bearing the same name.


An oil pressed by the Arabs from the fruit of a small thorny tree (Balanites Aegyptiaca), and sold to piligrims for a healing ointment.


An old solfeggio name for B flat; the seventh harmonic, as heard in the or aeolian string; — so called by Tartini. It was long considered a false, but is the true note of the chord of the flat seventh.


Z, the twenty-sixth and last letter of the English alphabet, is a vocal consonant. It is taken from the Latin letter Z, which came from the Greek alphabet, this having it from a Semitic source. The ultimate origin is probably Egyptian. Etymologically, it is most closely related to s, y, and j; as in glass, …

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Certainly; most likely; truly; probably.

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